ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

Author: Yogore Akinonris
Country: Tajikistan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 19 July 2016
Pages: 206
PDF File Size: 8.99 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.61 Mb
ISBN: 386-2-83314-343-9
Downloads: 99164
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Moogujinn

Historians are able to make some matches while also concluding that certain areas seem to have disappeared and been replaced with different cities. The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs. In his Codex MasudicusAl-Biruni theorized the existence of a landmass along the vast ocean between Asia and Europeor what is today known as the Americas. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Journal for the History of Astronomy.

Biruni also employed astronomy in the determination of his theories, which were complex mathematical equations and scientific calculation that allows one to convert dates and years between the different calendars.

There are, however, other reasons which al-biguni it impossible. He treated religions objectively, striving to understand them on their own terms rather than trying to prove them wrong. The Cambridge History of Iran: He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. American Federation of Astr. Conscience and History in rraihan World Civilization.

This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. In Ray, Himanshu Prabha.

zl-biruni He learnt Hindu philosophy, mathematics, geography and religion from thre Pandits to whom he taught Greek and Arabic science and philosophy. His scholarship on the topic exhibited great determination and focus, not to mention the excellence in his approach of the in-depth research he performed.


Al-Biruni biography

At the end of this book he makes a mention of having translated two Sanskrit books into Arabic, one called Sakayawhich deals with the creation of things and their types, and the second, Patanjal dealing with what happens after the spirit leaves the body. If is associated with an Alamy account you’ll receive an email with instructions on how to reset your password. Nasr, “An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: During his journey through India, military and political histories were not of Al-Biruni’s main focus.

Many consider Al-Biruni one of the greatest scientists in history, and especially of Islam because of his discoveries and methodology. We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science can help solve them.

He is given the titles the ‘founder of Indology’ and the ‘first anthropologist’ for writing on the customs and creeds of various nations.

At the same time, Al-Biruni was also critical of Indian scribes who he believed carelessly corrupted Indian al-biguni while making copies of older documents. Due to an apparatus he constructed himself, he succeeded in determining the specific gravity of a certain number of metals and minerals with remarkable precision.

Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of Raiham Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th aabu A.

He lived during the Islamic Golden Agein which scholarly thought went hand in hand with the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion. He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine.

Al-Bīrūnī | Persian scholar and scientist |

In this book, he has discussed the rotation of the earth and has given correct values of latitudes and longitudes of various places. Geologyphysicsanthropologycomparative sociologyastronomyastrologychemistryhistorygeographymathematicsmedicinepsychologyphilosophytheology. Biruni’s most important work was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time. InMahmud of Ghazni took Rey.


The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe. He gave a clear account of Hindu numerals, elaborating the principle of position.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Wikisource has original raiuan written by or about: I do think if one talk about effect of temperature on marine life, then the solubility of oxygen and carbon… He sought to find a al-giruni to measure the height of the sun, and created an early version of an astrolabe for that purpose. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. His other scientific contributions include the accurate determination of the densities of 18 different stones.

His book on Indian culture sl-biruni by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time. He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it qbu being directed at him.

Al-Biruni discussed, centuries before the rest of the world, the question whether the earth rotates around its axis or not.