Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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He is to administer state affairs with full powers.

If the same agreements are hazardous for the cause of Islam and the Muslims. Al-Mawardi relies solely upon the Quran without reference to any other source of law. The argument has been derived from the battle of Mutah, in which the Mawwardi P.

His books are the following: Judiciary is very significant department because a judge is to decide fates of the families. Thus apparently the structure of the Caliphate was maintained by the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Fatimids and the Turks, but the spirit of Islamic democracy as buried in the coffin of Hazrat Ali, the last of the Pious Caliph. If he nominated anyone, nobody could challenge his nominee on this issue.

Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Disinterested in rest and leisure. Muhtasib Police or ombudsman.


Al-Mawardi may have been well-intentioned but the legacy he left completely changed the concept of Muslim polity in the centuries that followed. Besides, the Quran does not aim at creating a maeardi but a society. He is of the opinion that it is a very respected office therefore, in normal conditions a judge should not be removed from his office.

The above extreme opinion has been advocated by al-Mawardi to advance another important opinion given in the next section, where politifal discusses the case of two candidates equally qualified for the Imamate. It has been persistently resorted to be every Muslim ruler after the days of the pious Caliphate, to perpetuate dynastic and despotic rule among the Muslim peoples. These qualifications are three: The Muslims without any tinge of resentment or cause of rivalry accepted Umer as the next Caliph not on the suggestion of Abu Bakr but in obedience to his order as Caliph.

There is complete consensus on this point in the Muslim community.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

Among the seven conditions which according to al-Mawardi must be fulfilled by a candidate, the seventh one, that is, the Quraishite descent is very important. Al-Mawardi advocates that it is very important to elect someone as imam through the consensus of the community. It is responsibility of the judge to implement these statements and decisions of the deceased. A closer examination of his work, however, discloses that he is not a mere recorder of facts handed down to him but a shrewd statesman and diplomat.

The maintenance of law and order in the country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear.


When he was offered the office of Chief justice, he denied accepting the offer by saying people than him to work as CJ. Al-Mawardi says various factor made this institution controversial.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

Theory of Imamate Al-Mawardi says that Almighty Allah laid down ppolitical in order that issues might be satisfactorily settled and the principles of right, truth and goodness may be widely known.

BB code is On. In such an event, a person can neither be elected as Imam nor continue as such.

It is significant to note that al-Mawardi hardly quotes anywhere any of these jurists, but since he was the greatest judge of Baghdad, his declaration in the preface was taken as sufficient guarantee of his veracity. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.

He thougght be deposed if he becomes morally degraded and his immoral acts are dangerous for the collectible interests. Mawarei ar the powers of minister delegation: Al Mawardi is a Muslim philosopher. H to take the counsel of the Muslims in matters of state. S when He appointed him His Caliph: